The need to reformulate education policy for purposes of addressing religious extremism, with reference to three South African policy documents

Document Type: Original Article

Author

Edu-HRight Research Unit North-West University South Africa

Abstract

Religious and other forms of extremism are rife in modern societies. This paper explores some of the reasons why some young people do not follow the “normal” pathways towards becoming citizens who can contribute to the well-being of society and to peaceful coexistence. The answer to this problem seems to lie in the nature of their education as well as in other factors and conditions in their environments. Radicalisation through education gone awry can drive a young person towards extremism. Young people therefore have to be educated in ways that would prevent them from becoming radicalised. This insight should also be reflected in education policy documents. Three South African education policy documents are used to demonstrate how policy documents could be revised to include strategies for the prevention of (religious, cultural and political) extremism, namely the Manifesto on Values, Education and Democracy (2001), the National Policy on Religion Education (2003) and the Curriculum and Assessment Policy Statements (2011).
 

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [Persian]

نیاز به اصلاح سیاست آموزشی برای مقابله با افراط گرایی مذهبی با توجه به سه سند سیاست آفریقای جنوبی

Author [Persian]

  • یوهانس ل وندر والت
استاد بازنشسته ، دانشگاه شمال غرب نورث- وست ، آفریقای جنوبی
Abstract [Persian]

افراط گرائی مذهبی و دیگر صور افراط گرایی در جوامع مدرن وجود دارد. این مقاله به بررسی دلایلی می پردازد که باعث می شوند برخی از جوانان از شیوه های "عادی" زندگی به عنوان شهروندان معقول توام با حیات مبتنی بر رفاه اجتماعی و همزیستی صلح آمیز ، اجتناب ورزند. به نظر می رسد که پاسخ به این مشکل به ماهیت آموزش و همچنین دیگرعوامل و شرایط محیط آنها بستگی دارد. بنیادگرائی می تواند جوان را به افراط گرایی سوق دهد. بنابراین، جوانان باید به نحوی آموزش ببینند که مانع از تبدیل آنها به افرادی افراط گرا شود. این بینش باید در اسناد سیاست های آموزشی منعکس شود. در مقاله حاضر سه سند رسمی دولت افریقای جنوبی تحت عنوان " بیانیه ارزش ها، آموزش و دموکراسی (2001)" ، " سیاست ملی آموزش مذهب (2003)" و " سند برنامه درسی و ارزیابی خط مش ارزشیابی (2011) " مورد بررسی قرار گرفته تا نشان دهد که چگونه اسناد سیاست و خط مش ها راهبردهای پیشگیری از افراط گرایی (مذهبی، فرهنگی و سیاسی) را مدنظر قرار دهند.

Keywords [Persian]

  • مذهب
  • مدارا
  • بنیادگرایی
  • افراط گرایی مذهبی
  • اسناد سیاست آموزشی
  • آفریقای جنوبی
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