Contemporary Cultural-Social Approaches in Non-Formal Education: Three Representative Examples from the Fields of Medieval Literature, Theatre of the Absurd, and Modern Cinema

Document Type: Original Article


Department of Primary Education, University of Athens, Athens, Greece


Contemporary Cultural-Social Approaches in non-Formal Education is an interesting as well as intriguing area for modern researches in the context of Education, Culture, and Society. The arts, literature, new technologies, pop culture, theatre, cinema and mass media are considered, among others, very important factors/agents of modern non-formal education internationally. In this context, it is strongly highlighted that literature, theatrical plays and cinema can play an important role in contemporary cultural-social approaches to non-formal education nowadays. Based on the latter fact, the current article will present examples from all three aforementioned fields: a case study on Medieval Literature, the poem of ‘Sir Gawain and the Green Knight’ with a connection to the issue of anti-feminism, a case study on Harold Pinter’s play ‘The Birthday Party’ whose title is further discussed and a case study on Paul Verhoeven’s film ‘Basic Instinct’ with a view to present gender stereotypes in the cinematic sphere.


Main Subjects

Article Title [Persian]

رویکردهای فرهنگی - اجتماعی معاصر در آموزش غیر رسمی: سه مثال از حوزه های ادبیات قرون وسطی ، تئاتر پوچ و سینمای مدرن

Author [Persian]

  • پارسکووی چورداکی
گروه آموزش ابتدایی ، دانشگاه آتن ، یونان
Abstract [Persian]

رویکردهای فرهنگی - اجتماعی معاصر در آموزش غیر رسمی یک حوزه جالب و جذاب برای تحقیقات جدید در زمینه آموزش ، فرهنگ و جامعه است. هنر ، ادبیات ، فن آوری های جدید ، فرهنگ پاپ ، تئاتر ، سینما و رسانه های جمعی از جمله عوامل / کنش گر های بسیار مهم آموزش غیر رسمی رسمی مدرن در سطح بین المللی محسوب می شوند. در این زمینه به شدت تأکید می شود که ادبیات ، نمایش های تئاتر و سینما می توانند نقش مهمی در رویکردهای فرهنگی - اجتماعی آموزش غیر رسمی معاصر ایفا کنند. با توجه به واقعیت اخیر ، مقاله حاضر نمونه هایی از هر سه زمینه فوق ارائه می دهد: مطالعه موردی ادبیات قرون وسطی ، شعر "سر گاوین و شوالیه سبز" با موضوع ضد فمینیسم ، مطالعه نمایشنامه "جشن تولد" هارولد پینتر و فیلم "غریزه اساسی" پاول ورهوون با هدف ارائه کلیشه های جنسیتی در حوزه سینما.

Keywords [Persian]

  • ادبیات قرون وسطی
  • تئاتر پوچ
  • سینمای مدرن
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