A Comparative Study of Extracurricular Activities in Teacher Education Systems of Australia, Germany and the United States: Lessons for Iran

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Educational Sciences, Faculty, Farhangian University, Rasht, Iran

2 Faculty, Farhangian University, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the experiences of extracurricular activities in the teacher education systems of Australia, Germany, and the United States in order to provide suggestions for educational and curriculum policy makers in the Iranian Teacher Education System. This is a qualitative, non-experimental, applied, comparative study in terms of nature, variable control level, purpose, and method, respectively. It uses George Bereday's four-step approach and similarity and difference design based on John Stuart Mill's Method of Agreement and Difference. This is a macro study in terms of unit of observation, conducted using the selective sampling method with "limited variables, small N" and the selection strategy of “different systems, similar results". Findings indicated that the selected countries emphasized the cultural and social goals of the extra-curricular activities. Also, the various functions of these activities were mainly directed towards cultural identity, social cohesion and professional development. There were similarities and differences among the selected countries in terms of the scope of extracurricular activities. According to the findings, educational planners of Iran at the Teacher Education University and the Ministry of Education should consider that extracurricular activities are one of the most appropriate, attractive and indirect methods for educating the younger generation of teachers.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [Persian]

بررسی تطبیقی فعالیت های فوق برنامه درتربیت معلم استرالیا ،آلمان و ایالات متحده امریکا: درس هائی برای ایران

Authors [Persian]

  • پری مو سی پور میاندهی 1
  • اشرف السادات پیرو نذیری 1
  • خدیجه گلین مقدم 2
1 علوم تربیتی،هیات علمی ،دانشگاه فرهنگیان،رشت،ایران
2 دانشگاه فرهنگیان،تهران،ایران
Abstract [Persian]

هدف پژوهش حاضر مطالعه تجارب موجود در خصوص فعالیت های فوق برنامه در نظام تربیت معلم کشورهای استرالیا،آلمان و ایالات متحده آمریکا جهت ارائه پیشنهادهایی برای سیاست گزاران آموزشی و درسی نظام تربیت معلم ایران است. پژوهش حاضر از نظر ماهیت از نوع پژوهش های کیفی ، از نظر میزان کنترل متغیرها از نوع غیر آزمایشی ، از نظر هدف در زمره پژوهش های کاربردی و از جهت روش ، تطبیقی می باشد که با استفاده از رویکرد چهار مرحله ای جورج بردی و طراحی تشابه ها و تفاوت ها بر اساس روش توافق و تفاوت جان استوارت میل صورت پذیرفته است. تحقیق حاضر از لحاظ واحد مشاهده ، جزو پژوهش های کلان ، شیوه نمونه گیری آگاهانه وانتخابی با " n کوچک با متغیر محدود" واستراتژی انتخاب محقق، " استراتژی نظام های متفاوت ، نتایج یکسان " می باشد. یافته های تحقیق نشان می دهند که از لحاظ هدف کشورهای منتخب به اهداف فرهنگی و اجتماعی فعالیت های فوق برنامه توجه داشته اند. هم چنین کارکردهای گوناگون این فعالیت ها عمدتا متوجه اموری همچون هویت فرهنگی ، انسجام اجتماعی ، و توسعه حرفه ای است. از بعد گستره ، شباهت ها و تفاوت هایی بین کشورهای منتخب مشاهده می گردد. با توجه به یافته ها ، توجه برنامه ریزان آموزشی دانشگاه فرهنگیان و وزارت آموزش وپرورش باید به این نکته معطوف گردد که فعالیت های فوق برنامه یکی از بهترین ، جذاب ترین و غیرمستقیم ترین روش های پرورش تربیت نسل جوان معلمان است.

Keywords [Persian]

  • فعالیت های فوق برنامه
  • تربیت معلم
  • تطبیق
  • استرالیا
  • آلمان
  • آمریکا
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