Teaching Philosophy to Students; Necessities, Prerequisites and International Experiences

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 department of education. university of kashan

2 university of kashan

Abstract

In the world brimming with rapid changes and developments of the 21st century and mass of various data and information, teaching philosophy to students in the meaning of teaching the correct ways of thinking, obtaining information, reasoning as well as critical and evaluative thinking would be deemed as a universal necessity and the basic responsibility of all educational systems of the various countries. The reason lies behind the fact that teaching philosophy to learners, on the one hand, lays the grounds for development of students’ intellectual and cognitive power, and on other hand, facilitates settling the personal and social problems by its manifestation in real and practical life. Having recognized the importance of teaching philosophy to students, this paper aims to highlight the crucial role and responsibility of educational system in this realm, and accordingly, attempts to prepare the preliminaries for legalization of teaching philosophy and including it in the curricula of schools and educational centers.

Keywords

Main Subjects


Article Title [Persian]

آموزش فلسفه به دانش آموزان؛ ضرورت ها، پیش نیازها و تجارب بین المللی

Authors [Persian]

  • محمد امینی 1
  • علی یزدخواستی 2
1 گروه علوم تربیتی ، دانشگاه کاشان
2 گروه علوم تربیتی ، دانشگاه کاشان
Abstract [Persian]

در جهان سرشار از تغییرات و پیشرفت های شتابان قرن بیست و یکم و انبوه داده ها و اطلاعات متنوع، آموزش فلسفه به دانش آموزان به معنای یاددهی شیوه های درست اندیشیدن،جمع آوری اطلاعات ، استدلال و تفکر ناقدانه و مبتنی بر ارزشیابی می تواند یکی از مهم ترین اولویت های نظام های آموزشی باشد. چرا که آموزش فلسفه به فراگیران از یک سو زمینه های لازم را برای رشد قوای فکری و شناختی آنان فراهم می سازد و از سوی دیگر حضور فلسفه در زندگی واقعی و عملی افراد و کاربرد آن در حل مسایل فردی و اجتماعی را امکان پذیر می سازد. نویسندگان مقاله حاضر با درک اهمیت و ضرورت آموزش فلسفه به دانش آموزان کوشیده اند تا کارکرد و مسئولیت نظام آموزشی را در این حوزه مورد توجه و تاکید قرار دهند تا از این طریق ، زمینه مناسب برای مشروعیت بخشی این آموزش ها در قالب برنامه های درسی مدارس فراهم گردد.

Keywords [Persian]

  • فلسفه
  • آموزش فلسفه
  • دانش آموزان
  • برنامه درسی
  • تجارب بین المللی
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